Types of Factory - Built Homes

Factory Built Homes
Many types of structures are built in the factory and designed for long-term residential use. In the case of manufactured and modular homes, units are built in a factory, transported to the site and installed. In panelized and pre-cut homes, essentially flat units (factory-built panels or factory-cut building materials) are transported to the site and assembled.

Manufactured Home
A home built entirely in the factory under a federal building code administered by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). The Federal Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards (the HUD Code) went into effect June 15, 1976. Manufactured homes may be single- or multi-section and are transported to the site and installed. The federal standards regulate manufactured housing design and construction, strength and durability, transportability, fire resistance, energy efficiency and quality. The HUD Code also sets performance standards for the heating, plumbing, air conditioning, thermal and electrical systems. It is the only national building code.

Mobile Home
This is the term used for homes built prior to June 15, 1976, when the HUD Code went into effect. In many cases, particularly in North Carolina, these homes were built to voluntary industry standards.

Modular Home
These factory-built homes are built to the state, local or regional code where the home will be located. Multi-section units are transported to the site and installed.

Pre-Cut Home
Factory-built housing in which building materials are factory-cut to design specifications, transported to the site and assembled. Pre-cut homes include kit, log and dome homes. These homes must meet local or state building codes.